Stone Industry Terms




A metal fastener used for securing large format stone to a structure


Honed and rounded surfaces typically used for stair treads & pool copings

Bush hammered

Stone that was once hammered by hand to achieve a rustic non -slip finish; now days the process is conducted mechanically to achieve a uniform texture.


Placing mortar or adhesive on the underside of the stone with a notch trowel before setting


Material that has been machined to achieve consistent thickness + or – 1mm tolerance

Chipped edge

The stone has been cut with a guillotine leaving a chamfered edge


A flat stone used as a cap on a freestanding wall

Dimension stone

A natural building stone that has been cut and finished to specification


Physical abrasion of stone surface to achieve a more natural appearance and provide better traction


Heat treatment of stone surface to achieve a more natural appearance and provide better traction

Ground (or gauged)

A term applied to slate and quartzites that involves grinding the undersurface to achieve some uniformity or thickness. It is a process that does not have the precision of calibration.


The fluid mortar for filling the joints or cracks in wall and floor tiles

Hand cut

The stone has been scribed by hand using a hammer and chisel producing a rustic finish


Indicates material with a surface that has been buffed to a smooth finish with little or no gloss; a finish popular for commercial floors

Natural split

Cleaved along the grain resulting in product with variable thickness


30+mm thick product designed for outdoor use often on a packed road base surface rather than a concrete surface required by thinner body tiles.


The vertical portion of a stairway under each step


A pitted surface texture with no gloss achieved by the application of water and sand under pressure


A waterproof membrane fixed under the roof covering; or boarding fixed to the lower end of rafters under the roof covering


The application of a specially designed compound to prevent moisture penetration and staining.


An elastic adhesive compound used to seal veneer joints

Sawn edge

The stone has been machine cut to give a straight edge


The surface quality and feel of stone independent of colour


The top face of a step in a stairway or door opening


A weathered or aged appearance to the surface of stone created by mechanically tumbling the stone with sand or small pebbles